So, inFerdinand was elected by the Bohemian Estates to become the Crown Prince, and automatically upon the death of Matthias, the next King of Bohemia. Ferdinand wanted them to run the government while he was gone. This included first and foremost Portugal, which elected John IV of Braganza as king inand the House of Braganza since became the new dynasty of Portugal monarchs.
Negotiating differences was decided upon. The conflict took place mostly in southern, western and central areas of modern Germany but also affected areas in neighboring modern Switzerland, Austria and the Netherlands for example, the Anabaptist riot in Amsterdam .
There a new war council had been created charged with recruitment and supplies for the military. Bubonic plague and syphilis appeared. The war had proved disastrous for the German-speaking parts of the Holy Roman Empire. Spain wanted to adjoin the German states to its vast area consisting of some Italian states, Spanish Netherlands and other parts of the Empire.
It provides him with great wealth. Wallenstein is a minor Czech nobleman who becomes rich through marriage to an elderly widow. In the spring of the war resumed. A series of conflicts followed. With this new order Europe's period of religious wars came to an end.
Calvinism came quickly into Germany. The sovereignty of Switzerland and the United Netherlands was recognized. Looting and extorting tribute, as well as theft were commonplace, which meant that even remote civilian villages were dragged into the atrocities of the conflict.
Military intervention by external powers such as Denmark and Sweden on the Protestant side increased the duration of the war and the extent of its devastation. But after and through the century came more agricultural crises, more food shortages, various economic difficulties in Spain, England, France and the Holy Roman Empire, and here and there some population decline.
Soon, Saxony joined the Protestant Union, with Sweden a military superpower of the era. As a result, the Protestants just got more annoyed.
This made the France - Habsburg rivalry even worse. Lutherans could keep the land that they had taken from the Catholic Church after the Peace of Passau Wallenstein now proposes to Ferdinand a bold extension of his earlier private army.
This dramatic increase in Catholic power, and in Wallenstein's personal standing, has several results of great significance for the next stage of the war.
The latter formed the League of Evangelical Union in Between them, Tilly and Wallenstein then drive the Danes north, clearing them from the Baltic coast, pursing them into the peninsula of Denmark and eventually confining Christian IV and his army to the Danish islands.
· Last I've read, the end of the Years War roughly marked the end Of the *High* Middle Ages - at least in Europe - when the advent of firearms - the cannon and the musket brought about the end of the castle and of the mounted armoured calgaryrefugeehealth.com://calgaryrefugeehealth.com · The last great religious war was the Thirty Years War, fought between Catholic countries and Protestant countries (and France, who sided with Protestants for political reasons)calgaryrefugeehealth.com The Thirty Years' War was a 17th-century religious conflict fought primarily in central Europe from tostarting as a battle for supremacy among multiple Catholic and Protestant states.
Wars of Religion, (–98) conflicts in France between Protestants and Roman Catholics. The spread of French Calvinism persuaded the French ruler Catherine de Médicis to show more tolerance for the Huguenots, which angered the powerful Roman Catholic Guise family.
Its partisans massacred a Huguenot congregation at Vassy (), causing an uprising in the calgaryrefugeehealth.com://calgaryrefugeehealth.com The Thirty Years' War has been called the outstanding example in European history of meaningless conflict because it epitomizes a conflict, that had deep religious motivations but greed and politics were the real forces at work; thus, the Thirty Years' War was meaningless because it had no concrete purpose.
The Thirty Years’ War was a European continental war that took place from (thirty years!). Most of the fighting took place in the Holy Roman Empire, although the war grew to include European powers outside of the calgaryrefugeehealth.com://calgaryrefugeehealth.comDownload